Top 10 Cyber Hacking Countries
International Cyber Criminal Attacks - From Where Do Cyber Attack Originate?
The growing population of cyber criminals
While the most-wanted list and high-profile cyber attacks that make media headlines—such as the hacks of retailer networks that impacted Target and Home Depot in 2014—are often the types of criminals and crimes we think of when we consider cyber crime, the reality is that you don't even hear about the majority of these crimes.
Most cyber crime does not make the news because it's not high profile. In many cases, no one even realizes a crime is being committed until much later. And the population of cyber criminals is growing because it's often looked at as a low-risk proposition for anyone willing to make money by dealing in shady areas. It's difficult to crack down on cyber crimes because the Internet makes it increasingly easy for criminals to target others in an anonymous and remote manner. Cyber criminals even hack into computers for the purpose of using those computers to conduct other hacks and crimes—in this way, the criminals create a buffer between themselves and law enforcement.
Cyber criminals by the country of origin & statistics:
According to Bloomberg, 33 percent of cyber attacks originate in the China, but cyber criminals come from all over the globe. Statistics indicate that 41 percent of the world's attack traffic comes from China.
The top ten nations for cyber criminals and cyber attacks:
When and Where Do International Cyber Criminals Attack?
Individual cyber criminals tend to target areas of opportunity, which means they look for vulnerabilities in a network or process or for vulnerable individuals. This is why cyber criminals tend to target at-risk populations, such as senior citizens or individuals who are struggling monetarily. Groups and organized cyber criminals tend to target major networks, servers and vulnerable entry points at data centers. These organized rings of cyber criminals even target government entities like the NSA, FBI and CIA.
How do cyber criminals choose targets?
In choosing their target, cyber criminals first have to consider their own motivation for a cyber attack.
#1 Reason - Monetary Gain
The biggest motivation for cyber crimes is monetary gain. Cyber criminals choose targets that match their own capabilities, offer a point of entry or vulnerability, and are most likely to pay off. Cyber crime is profitable, easy and quick money. Cyber criminals with sophisticated capabilities or the network to offload large amounts of credit card or other data are likely to target banks, retail networks, and financial businesses, all of which offer bulk access to personal data to anyone that can breach the network. The value of a U.S. credit card number, along with matching Social Security number and date of birth, is about $25. That's not enough value to cyber criminals looking to sell the data unless they can access a network with hundreds or thousands of credit card numbers and related information.
#2 Reason - The Politics of Cyber Crime
When politics, either domestic or international, is the driving force behind a cyber attack, criminals choose a website or organization that espouses or supports an opposing political, cultural or religious viewpoint. Most of the time, the attack is not about money or specific gain, but about defacing, embarrassing, or raising awareness. Individuals are not often targets of these attacks, though corporate entities and government agencies are. You will even see state-sponsored attacks by countries such as China, who in 2015 attacked the Office of Personnel Management – hacking millions of federal government employees’ private and personal data.
#3 Reason - Ego & Narcissism
Cyber criminals spreading cyber terror for the sake of their egos often develop wide-reaching malware that attacks computer systems or networks. In many cases, the malware never generates a revenue stream for the attacker, but he or she enjoys the “fame” that comes with launching a widespread attack. Not unlike serial killers who have sociopathic tendencies, these cyber criminals get an adrenaline rush from watching themselves on the news and hearing about destruction they’ve caused.
Individual cyber criminals or those with less access to underground networks usually target people instead of organizations. Instead of selling the data obtained, the criminal may use personal information to make purchases or access funds and benefits directly. In these cases, criminals conduct phishing schemes, attempt to hack passwords, use email and social media to coerce information from people, or even go through garbage or old files for useful information. When a single cyber criminal gets hold of enough personal information to commit identity theft, they may be able to access thousands of dollars in goods before the identity theft is realized and the victim takes steps to close accounts and freeze assets.
Transcript and Text of Speech relating to Cyber Attacks and International Origins of Cyber Crime and criminals:
Most Cyber attacks in this day occur from three places: China, Russia, the United States. Those are the three biggest, but there's also Turkey, which comes in and out in our top five positions as being the biggest origination of cyber attacks.
China alone counts for more than 40% of all cyber attacks on US soil. Clearly, we've got to do a better job of protecting and defending against the Chinese cyber criminals. Russia's also really emerged through the spam world. In our book Cyber Nation, we talk about the big five players and the big countries, because these countries are state sponsored. They're actually paying for these attackers to hack our soil and to go after our energy systems, our Wall Street, our financial networks, but the Chinese governments has sponsored this. The Russian Government through Putin has also sponsored a lot of these attacks, but those are the big ones.